Finding papers about consciousness and robotics

The following list is a compilation of bibliographic search engines and scientific paper indexes, where you can look for publications related to your areas of interest.

Note that given my particular area of interest (Machine Consciousness) I have focused on neurosciences, robotics, and computer science (specifically Artificial Intelligence). However, these resources are useful for any researcher or student looking for scientific publication in other related areas.

You should also note that many of the websites listed below offer subscription services, i.e. you have to be subscripted in order to access the full paper text or other information.

In most of the cases the subscription is checked by looking at your IP address, so make sure you are connected (directly or through VPN) from your institution network. Doing so, you will be entitled to access the content.

Bibliographic Science Search Engines

Google Scholar http://scholar.google.com/
Google Books http://books.google.com/
CiteSeer.IST Scientific Literature Digital Library http://citeseer.ist.psu.edu/
DBLP Computer Science Bibliography http://www.informatik.uni-trier.de/~ley/db/
CSB The collection of Computer Science Bibliography http://liinwww.ira.uka.de/bibliography/index.html
Scirus http://www.scirus.com/

Directories of Journals

IEEE Computer Sciety Publications http://www.computer.org/publications/index.htm
ACM Publications http://www.acm.org/pubs/journals.html
Directory of Computer Science Journals http://elib.cs.sfu.ca/Collections/CMPT/cs-journals/
Index of Information Systems Journals http://lamp.infosys.deakin.edu.au/journals/index.php
HighWire Press http://highwire.stanford.edu/lists/allsites.dtl
Thomson Scientific http://scientific.thomson.com/links/journals/

Online Access to Scientific Publications

ScienceDirect http://www.sciencedirect.com/
IEEE Explore http://ieeexplore.ieee.org
SpringerLink http://www.springerlink.com
IngentaConnect http://www.ingentaconnect.com/
PubMed Central http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/
Wiley InterScience http://www.wileyinterscience.com/
JSTOR http://www.jstor.org/search/
Blackwell Synergy http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/
BMJ http://www.bmj.com/
Informaworld http://www.informaworld.com/
Metapress http://www.metapress.com/
Project MUSE http://muse.jhu.edu/
Scopus http://www.scopus.com/

Research Database Access

EBSCO Host  http://search.ebscohost.com/

Open Access

Directory of Open Access Journals http://www.doaj.org/
PLoS One http://www.plosone.org/
ARXIV e-print archive http://arxiv.org/

Cite Management

Citeulike http://www.citeulike.org/
Refworks http://www.refworks.com/
Procite http://www.procite.com/
EndNote http://www.endnote.com/
Reference Manager http://www.refman.com/

In Spanish (En Español)

Biblioteca UC3M http://biblioteca.uc3m.es/
Compludoc http://europa.sim.ucm.es:8080/compludoc/
Portal de acceso a la Web of Knowledge
Ranking de revistas (JCR – Journal Citation Report)
http://www.accesowok.fecyt.es/
Inist cnrs http://articlesciences.inist.fr/

3rd Computer Science Symposium at UEM

The UEM Computer Science Symposium is a seven years old event hold at the Villaviciosa de Odon campus of the European University of Madrid. The aim of this symposium is to get computer science students and technology companies together.

This symposium is organized by the UEM Free Software and Linux user group (GLUEM) and by the UEM itself. This year, the symposium is sponsored by companies like Fon, Stratebi, Hakin9, Linux+, and website collaborators like TodoBI and Conscious-Robots.com.

Consious-Robot.com will be part of the event, offering a presentation about Cognitive Robotics and Machine Consciousness as part of the Symposium.

 

Language Mind and Consciousness

AI Forums: Language Mind and Consciousness. This AI Forum is dedicated to the problem of language, mind, and consciousness.

Background

The manipulation of natural human language by a computer, a major research track inside artificial intelligence, at first seemed like a highly tractable problem, but slowly revealed itself to be prohibitively difficult.

The research of language acquisition is today central to the science of AI. How do people acquire language? And how could computers? Is there such a thing as a “universal grammar”? And why is it that machines just don’t understand? The science and philosophy of language are the heart of AI.

Link: http://www.ai-forum.org/forum.asp?forum_id=3 

Cognitive Robotics

In this article I aim to provide a comprehensive introduction to the field of cognitive robotics by providing you with some definitions, examples, links to information resources, courses, and research projects. Also, the research motivations of this field are discussed, as well as main application areas and the inspiration in natural cognitive systems.

The field of Cognitive Robotics is very much related with Machine Consciousness (MC). Indeed, I consider MC as a subfield or a specific focus of the research on Cognitive Robotics. Any implementation of the functionality of consciousness has to be framed within a cognitive architecture. Consciousness per se does not make any sense unless it is integrated in a subject able to develop end to end (embodied) processes like perception and behavior.

The ultimate aim of the development of cognitive architectures is the implementation of machines that are able to “know what they are doing”, thus being more robust, adaptive, and flexible. Social robots are significant example of the kind of applications that cognitive robots (and particularly conscious robots) might perform. Interacting with humans is an extremely complex task where all these cognitive capabilities are required.

Future cognitive robots are expected to be able to interact with humans, acting and learning in unpredictable environments.

Introduction to Cognitive Robotics (excerpt taken from [0])

Research in robotics has traditionally emphasized low-level sensing and control tasks including sensory processing, path planning, and manipulator design and control. In contrast, research in cognitive robotics is concerned with endowing robots and software agents with higher level cognitive functions that enable them to reason, act and perceive in changing, incompletely known, and unpredictable environments in a robust manner. Such robots must, for example, be able to reason about goals, actions, resources (linear and/or non-linear, discrete and/or continuous, replinishable or expendable), when to perceive and what to look for, the cognitive states of other agents, time, collaborative task execution, etc. In short, cognitive robotics is concerned with integrating reasoning, perception and action with a uniform theoretical and implementation framework.

The use of both software robots (softbots) and robotic artifacts in everyday life is on the upswing and we are seeing increasingly more examples of their use in society with commercial products around the corner and some already on the market. As interaction with humans increases, so does the demand for sophisticated robotic capabilities associated with deliberation and high-level cognitive functions. Combining results from the traditional robotics discipline with those from AI and cognitive science has and will continue to be central to research in cognitive robotics.

Continue reading “Cognitive Robotics”

Mind and Machines

Journal for Artificial Intelligence, Philosophy and Cognitive Science

Editor: J.H. Moor

ISSN: 0924-6495 (print version)
ISSN: 1572-8641 (electronic version)
Journal no. 11023
Springer Netherlands

Minds and Machines affords an international forum for the discussion and debate of important and controversial issues concerning significant developments within its areas of editorial focus. Well-reasoned contributions from diverse theoretical perspectives are welcome and every effort will be made to ensure their prompt publication. Among the features that make this journal distinctive within the field are these:
Strong stands on controversial issues are especially encouraged Important articles exceeding normal journal length may appear Special issues devoted to specific topics are a regular feature Critical responses to previously published pieces are invited Review essays discussing current problem situations will appear.
This journal fosters a tradition of criticism within the AI and philosophical communities on problems and issues of common concern. Its scope explicitly encompasses philosophical aspects of computer science. All submissions will be subject to review.

Editorial Focus:

Machines and Mentality – Knowledge and Its Representation – Epistemic Aspects of Computer Programming – Connectionist Conceptions – Artificial Intelligence and Epistemology – Computer Methodology – Computational Approaches to Philosophical Issues – Philosophy of Computer Science – Simulation and Modelling – Ethical Aspects of Artificial Intelligence.

Abstracted/Indexed in:
ACM Computing Reviews, African Urban & Regional Science Index, Compendex, Computer Abstracts International Database, Computer Literature Index, Engineering Index Monthly, Inspec, ISI Alerting Services, Knowlegde Engineering Review, Neuroscience Citation Index, Psyc-INFO, Psychological Abstracts, Science Citation Index Expanded, SCOPUS, The Philosopher’s Index

Machine Consciousness and Strong AI

Is machine consciousness a key aspect of strong artificial intelligence (strong AI)? Can machine consciousness be applied as a pragmatic approach in weak AI? Are machine consciousness and strong AI the same thing?

Machine consciousness is relatively immature as a modern scientific and engineering interdisciplinary paradigm [1]. Nevertheless, we could try to answer the former questions with a good degree of confidence.
In contrast to weak AI, strong AI claims that an appropriately programmed computer is a mind. Generally speaking, strong AI supposes that it is possible to build machines that can truly reason and feel. In this context, machine consciousness would refer to the feeling part of the hypothesized strong AI machine. From my point of view, most of the forms of reasoning are possible without any consciousness or feeling capability. Such a being would be a so-called (philosophical) zombie [2]. Therefore, we could argue that machine consciousness is key to “conscious” strong AI, but could be neglected in a relaxed form of “zombie” strong AI. This could be true if reason and consciousness are really independent, but what if reasoning and consciousness are intimately linked? Does more reasoning power involve more awareness? In my humble opinion, this question cannot be answered unless the real nature of consciousness is understood. Such an account should include the phenomenal aspects of consciousness (see definition of Qualia) [3].
Even though machine consciousness can be easily identified as a science fiction paradigm, I think it can have a key role in the realm of weak AI. Applying human consciousness models to machines and their programming is a form of bio-inspiration. We can study the human cognitive processes related to consciousness (like attention or propioception), and use the same principles in artificial machines. A much harder subject is the phenomenal dimension of consciousness, whose comprehensive underlying biological foundations are not known. This is one of the gaps to fill in the field of strong AI.

 

[1] http://www.conscious-robots.com/en/conscious-machines/the-field-of-machine-consciousness/what-is-machine-conscious.html

Consciousness and Cognition

Consciousness and Cognition: An International Journal provides a forum for a natural-science approach to the issues of consciousness, voluntary control, and self. The journal features empirical research (in the form of regular articles and short reports) and theoretical articles. Book reviews, integrative theoretical and critical literature reviews, and tutorial reviews are also published. The journal aims to be both scientifically rigorous and open to novel contributions.

Topics of interest include but are not limited to:

• Implicit memory
• Selective and directed attention
• Priming, subliminal or otherwise
• Neuroelectric correlates of awareness and decision-making
• Assessment of awareness; protocol analysis
• The properties of automaticity in perception and action
• Relations between awareness and attention
• Models of the thalamocortical complex
• Blindsight
• The neuropathology of consciousness and voluntary control
• Pathology of self and self-awareness
• The development of the self-concept in children

 Visit Elsevier Consciousness and Cognition description page.